13 juillet 2018 est une journée historique. Pour la première fois, les états membres de l'ONU se sont mis d'accord sur un cadre multilatéral de coopération sur la migration comme l'indique en anglais le Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration après une année de discussions préparatoires et de dialogue avec divers partenaires et six mois de négotiations inter-gouvernementales intenses.
"Given the importance for trade unions of a fair labour migration agenda at global, regional and national levels, we have been deeply engaged in this process from the outset," said Ambet Yuson, General Secretary of BWI, and Chair of the Council of Global Unions Working Group on Migration (CGU-WGM). "We are pleased with a number of significant and positive outcomes for migrants," continued Yuson, "but we regret the counterproductive strategies of a number of Member States. These have resulted in the weakening of language in the text on access to services, justice and labour rights for migrants in irregular status. These are fundamental flaws in the Compact that we must work to overcome".
On the positive side, trade unions welcome the promotion of the ILO's Decent Work Agenda and Conventions addressing labour migration in the Compact. We appreciate the recognition of the role of trade unions in advancing decent work for migrant workers. We also appreciate the openness with which Special Representative Louise Arbour and the Co-facilitators, Ambassadors Jürg Lauber (Switzerland), and Juan José Ignacio Gómez Camacho (Mexico) created spaces for dialogue with trade unions and other civil society organizations, and received their inputs. We welcome the good collaboration with the Like-Minded Group (LMG) of Member States and the African Group who promoted the fair labour migration and the decent work agenda throughout the process. (Download the Like-Minded Group Statement here).
The outcome has been the forging of a consensus around a comprehensive migration policy agenda, organized into 23 Objectives. They include such critical issues as enhancing pathways for regular migration, promoting ethical recruitment and decent work, safeguarding labour rights, providing access to services, social protection and justice to migrants, (although, regrettably, with differential access for undocumented migrants), promoting skills recognition and development, promoting portability of social security, addressing vulnerabilities in migration, including climate-induced displacements, trafficking, smuggling, forced labour, child labour, and gender-based violence.
In our Statement delivered to the closing plenary of the Intergovernmental negotiations, trade unions reminded the Member States that according to its guiding principles, the Global Compact was founded on the universality of human rights and the Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work which are enshrined in the Decent Work Agenda. Insistence on clear distinctions between regular and irregular migrants, and enumerating differential regimes for access to services, due process and coverage under human and labour rights provisions were unacceptable. This approach, evident in paragraph 22 i) of the Compact, contradicts protections in international human rights treaties and labour standards. This is a step backwards from decades of well-established ILO doctrine and human rights protections for all migrants. The Compact's failure to recognize the importance of firewalls between labour law and immigration enforcement is also a major departure from well-established protections for irregular migrant workers.
Trade unions are all the more determined to stay engaged with all relevant UN agencies in the process of Implementation, Follow-up and Review while working as a social partner within the tripartite consultative framework of the ILO. The aim is to ensure that migration policies at national, regional and global levels remain firmly rooted in the principles of decent work and core labour standards for all migrants, regardless of status, which the Member States have an obligation to uphold.
As regards Implementation, Follow-up and Review of the Compact, a UN Migration Network has been established, led by the
The Global Compact will be formally adopted by the Member States at an Intergovernmental Conference to be held in Marrakesh, Morocco from 10-11 December 2018.
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